Models of Aid to Somalia

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Valeria Saggiomo, PhD

Abstract

This paper discusses the theme of donors’ contributions to development in Somalia. It questions the current approach to aid flows in Somalia by referring to different actors and aid modalities that can contribute to the subsistence and development of Somali people. Three main models of aid to Somalia are described: the external model that entails the support of external actors; the cross-border model referring to initiatives funded by the Somali Diaspora community; the internal model funded by the Somali private sector and the Somali people themselves through religious charitable giving. The three models are analyzed in terms of effectiveness according to their objectives. The paper concludes that the two models that place the beneficiary Somali population at the centre of both investments and management of the resources, the cross-border and the internal model, achieve higher standards than the external model.

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