Cardiopulmonary Parameters of Internally and Non Internally Displaced Persons In A Nigerian Population Cardiopulmonary Parameters in a Nigerian Population

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Dr Akodu Ashiyat
Mr Abubakar
Dr Aweto


Introduction/Objectives: Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are at high risk of developing cardiopulmonary problems as compared to non-internally displaced persons (NIDPs). Therefore this study compared selected cardiopulmonary parameters of internally and non-internally displaced persons in a Nigerian population.

Materials &Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study design employed a purposive sampling technique to recruit 800 participants (400 IDPs and 400 NIDPs) from four internally displaced camps and four host communities where the camps were located in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council of Borno State. Mercury sphygmomanometer, pulse oximeter, and spirometer were used to measure the cardiopulmonary parameters of the participants. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to evaluate sociodemographic characteristics while an Independent t-test was used to compare selected cardiopulmonary parameters of the participants.

Results: The result revealed a significant difference (P=0.001) in cardiopulmonary parameters of SBP, DBP, HR, MAP, RPP, RR, FEV1, and FVC between internally and non-internally displaced persons. There was a significant difference (P<0.05) in the age and sex-matched of the cardiopulmonary parameters of the participants.

Conclusion: The findings of this study highlighted the cardiopulmonary deficit faced by a significant number of IDPs as compared to NIDPs, who unavoidably found themselves in unfortunate conditions of displacement.

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Dr Akodu Ashiyat , University of Lagos

Department of Physiotherapy

Dr Aweto, University of Lagos

Department of Physiotherapy